General information about Bănița - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Bănița

Hațeg Country > Bănița
Location: 45°28'13.33"N,  23°15'10.60"E
Băniţa commune, with all three main localities of which it is composed (Crivadia, Merișor and Bănița-sat) is crossed by the national road DN 6, which is a European road E-78, being located about 30 km south of Hateg and approx. 12 km. North of the city of Petroșani.
Houses are located on both sides of the road at different altitudes.

Crivadia is located at the entrance to Hațeg, being neighboring to the north with the village of Petros, which belongs to the commune of Baru-Mare. It is the lowest of the commune's localities with three main hamlets: Valea Mielului, Marconi and Crivadia-sat. In the southern part, it is bordered by Merişor.
The village of Merişor has a larger number of households, being the middle town of the commune and having the following hamlets: Rachita, Ruseşti, Poienari, Cheia and Merisor-sat.
Băniţa-sat, the largest settlement that is bordered by the Peștera Bolii belonging to the city of Petrosani. The highest village of Banita-sat is also the largest of the settlements, having nine hamlets as follows: Botani, Firs, Arsuri, Jigoreasa, Capraresti, Corbeoni, Cotesti, Jitoni-Bțiesti and Bănița-Gară.

Băniţa, through its geographical position, has been a strategic point for hundreds of years, being one of the points of control and defense of the South access to Transylvania.
The Citadels of Bolii and Crivadia were important bastions built after the technique and materials similar to those used in the construction of the Dacian fortresses in the Sebes Mountains.
The dating of the settlement is closely related to the Dacian fortress on the height called "Hill of the Fortress" or "Hill of the Hill", which is about 1ooo m altitude. This fortress defends the passage from the south to the Merișor Valley and from there to Sarmizegetusa.

Relief of Banita commune
The relief of Băniţa commune is predominantly mountainous, Băniței Mountains.
continue in the S-E with the Paring Mountains and the N-V part and are lost in the Retezat Massif. Although they are not high mountains, they are of a very picturesque and are used by locals to grazing animals. In this sense, the locals are used to group efficiently using the pastures in the mountains called: Poienii Peak, Poienile Taii, Jigoru, Jigorel-Virtoape, Perete, Comarnici.

From the rivers that cross the territory of Bănița commune it is worth mentioning: Bănița brook which is a tributary of transilvanian Jiu and Merişor Stream that flows into the Strei River. In turn, the river Strei unites with Râul-Mare Retezat, after which they continue their journey together until Mureş - the most important river of Hunedoara County.
The Dacian fortress was discovered during the systematic excavations from 1961 to 1962. Being a rock Isolated with very steep slopes, access was only possible on the north side.

The road was struck first with a wave of earth and stone, and later with a stone wall. The enclosure surrounding one of the terraces of the plateau was erected from blocks of limestone carved in the same technique as those used in the Dacian fortresses of the Sebeș Mountains.

At the highest point a tower-dwelling was built, which was reached by a rock-cut ladder. The Dacian fortress of Bănița is contemporary with the ones in the mountains of Sebeș, having the role of preventing the advance of an enemy that would have come from the south through the Jiu Gorge.

Turnul de la Crivadia - The Crivadia Tower is situated on the rocky edge of Merişorul's water. Beginning with XIII - th century guarded the old road linking Transylvania with Wallachia through the Vâlcan Pass. It also served as a customs point.
It is built of limestone and has a perfectly circular shape, its walls being up to 20 m high.

Many archaeological finds have been discovered here, and are preserved today at the Museum in Deva.  
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