General information about Densuș - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Densuș

Hațeg Country > Densuș
Location: 45°34'47.77"N,  22°47'18.69"E
    
Densuş commune is located in the central-western part of Hunedoara County, situated at the foot of the Poiana-Ruscă Mountains, having the form of relief extensions of the radial ridges of the mountains that unfold in the form of a fan that are lost in the depression of Hațeg Country, similar to the appearance of a real plain, which according with some geographers was once a big bay.
The climate generally meets the features of the four-season mountainous area with a sub-continental temperate-continental character.
The precipitation regime is quite rich, being characteristic of the foothills at the foot of the mountains.

The commune of Densuş, located in the south-west part of Hațeg, is connected to it by DJ 687 G Densus-Totesti and further through DN 68 Totești-Hațeg.

The administrative territory of the commune stretches over an area of 13,612 ha and consists of seven villages: Densuş, Criva, Hățăgel, Peşteniţa, Peşteana, Poieni, Ştei.
History
According to the Conscription of 1784-1787, in Densus there were 86 houses, inhabited by 109 families, with a population of 670 inhabitants. Most of the population was jelerii (102), iobagii (52), who served in a number of 11 nobles. In the following years the number of iobagi /serfs decreases and that of the nobles increases.
According to the Conscription of 1820, in Densus there were 13 feudal masters and 40 dependent peasants. The serfs provided 3792 labour days per year,  which means an average of 94.8 days / family.
    

The worsening of the life of the inhabitants of the village of Densuş also contributes to the numerous natural calamities, epidemics, invasions, etc., mentioned in documents from 1813 by Vicentia and Vizancy Pop.
In the nineteenth century Densus village's reputation was to be enhanced by the famous Densușianu family. Densus continues to be a typical village characteristic of the settlements in Hațeg Country, the famous ethnographic area whose customs were determined by the basic occupations of the inhabitants, agriculture, fruit growing and cattle breeding.

In 1850 the population of Densuș amounted to 1248 inhabitants, had 47 horses and 765 cattle, which means that they had enough animals for a decent living, compared to their neighbors, Rachitova in a population of 1,033 inhabitants had 8 horses and 35 cattle, Clopotiva with 1463 inhabitants had 12 horses and 510 cattle, and Sălașul de Sus with 1145 inhabitants had 105 horses and 661 cattle.
    
Densus was also known for having a water installation for thickening the wollen cloth, and a few mills.

In the Country of Hațeg, as elsewhere, each locality has two stories: an ancestral one transmitted from one generation to another, living in the soul of every inhabitant of the settlement
And another recorded in the tabs of history from the moment when the village became a place between two "forces" or when, for the mercy of some gentleman, it was enriched with a holy place.

That's what happened with Densuș. The history of Densuş commune must be considered to be closely related to the existence of the historical monument "Saint Nicholas Church" in Densuş, a medieval Romanian architectural gem. The church was built near the former capital of Dacia Roman-Ulpia Traiana Sarmisegetusa, on a terrace located on the left bank of the Yellow River, near the Roman road linking Drobeta de Perelinimum.
From some assumptions, it is believed that the Densus church is the oldest known church in the country and dates back to the 4th-6th centuries. According to some other authors, it is believed that at the door of the church was a mosaic temple for the fire of fire burning between the four pillars on top of which the square tower rose, narrowly up to the smoke.

After some, the name Densuş would draw from the Latin expression "Silva Densa" (thick forest) where one of the Romanian generals Longinus buried during Emperor Trajan was buried. With the passing of the years, time has also impressed upon this holy place, suffering degradations. In this respect, in 1889-1890, 1962, 2000-2005, works were carried out to renovate, restore and preserve the paintings on the interior walls.

Culture
In the nineteenth century and the first half of the 20th century, among the families of intellectuals who were particularly impressed by the Romanian culture and spirituality, the Densusen family, who came from an old family of priests, Valea Streiului, in the village of Maceu. Very few families were blessed to raise so many notable intellectuals: Vizantie, Benjamin, George, Aron, Nicholas, Ovid, Romulus, Alexandru, Septimiu, Pompeii, Eliza, Elena.
 
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