General information about Dobra - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Dobra

Pădureni Land > Dobra
Location: 45°54'29.97"N,  22°37'20.02"E
    
Dobra commune is located on DN 68A, a few kilometers south of the Mureş River. To the north is the Mureş Meadow and to the south hills, 200-300 m heights, which precede the Poiana Ruscă Mountains.
The climate is relatively humid, favoring a rich vegetation. The hills around the village are covered with grassland and deciduous forests. The most important watercourse that drains Dobra is the Dobra-Bătrâna River, which originates in the Rusca peak, and has the main streams of the Vadului, Țiganului, Ivanului, Cornet and Muncel streams. Dobra - Bătrâna River, 45 km long and 180 km² drained area (165 km² mountainous and 15 km² hilly), is the second tributary of the Mureş river that originates from the Poiana Ruscă. There have been numerous mills on this river until 1950.
From an ethnographic point of view, the town of Dobra lies on the border between the Forest Land and the Mureş valley.

History
On the territory of Dobra village were found traces of dwelling since prehistory. Before the end of the first millennium, there are the germs of a state formation. The first documentary attestation is from 1387 under the Hungarian name Jófű, a good adaptation of the original Slavic original name. Dobra is also certified as a fortress, whose ruins still existed until 1900, later being destroyed by the extension of the agricultural land.
In medieval times it was an important commercial center, and Dobra fairs attracted even merchants from Bohemia, Poland, Germany.
In 1721, a peasant uprising broke out, quickly stifled by the authorities, known as the "Dobra Revolt". By 1744 there preached Orthodox monk Visarion Sarai sent Orthodox Metropolitan of Karlovac, making public agitation against the union with Rome Orthodox churches in Transylvania.

Towards the end of the eighteenth century was part of the military region frontier district residents with certain privileges in return for military service provided for the benefit of the Habsburg monarchy. The Romanians from Dobra were part of the Romanian 1st Regiment of Border, in the locality there was a subdivision of cavalry (Husari). The former barracks were later transformed into the hotel, its name reminding the old destination: "At the Husariu".
In 1925 the Doba works institute Romanian credit "border guards" (founded in 1898) and there is already a bank branch "house keeping of Drastic 'SA, a credit institution Granicerul reached a capital of 250 000 lei, There is a small local bank "East" with a capital of 100,000 lei. There are five shops, a hotel, a bakery, a clock, two workshops silverware, three tailors, fourteen shoemakers, a butcher, a shop hats, two hairdressers, barbers, two carpentry workshops, two manufactures, mill, workshop mechanical and lime molding.
 
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