General information about General Berthelot - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about General Berthelot

Hațeg Country > General Berthelot
Location: 45°36'38.98"N,  22°53'10.66"E
The General Berthelot Commune is located in Hunedoara County, in the Haţeg Country Depression, a basin of an admirable geographical unit, located in the south of Transylvania and in the southwest corner of the county, surrounded by the belt of towering mountains.
From Haţeg starts towards west road that crosses the entire Farcan valley. The Densuş River connects with the Hăţăgelului river , forming the Galbena River, which from Tuştea to Haţeg goes parallel to the road and along them twelve km of three villages of the commune: General Berthelot, Fărcădin and Tuştea .
General Berthelot Village is 5 km away from the city of Hateg, the city's closest cultural, economic and administrative attraction.
The villages, located at the foot of the Poiana Ruscăi Mountains and on the left side of the Galbena River, on clear days and on moonlit nights, see the mountain range surrounding the Ha'eg Country: in the south, at about 18 km, the Retezat, - the mountains of Poiana Ruscăi, and to the southeast the Parâng comes to complete this crown.
The commune is bordered to the west by the commune of Răchitova, to the south-west by Densuş commune, to the south by Toteşti commune, and to the northeast by the city of Haţeg.
General Berthelot, formerly Farcadin de Jos, (in Hungarian Alsofarkadin, in German Unterwolfsdorf, in Romanian translation Lupenii de Jos) is a commune in Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania.

Short history
The locality draws its name from the name of the French general Henri Berthelot, who possessed a residence and agricultural land there from King Ferdinand I and Queen Maria of Romania, in gratitude to the contribution of the French Army to the liberation of Romania. In 1916, General Henri Berthelot was placed at the head of the French military mission in Romania, reorganizing the Romanian army hard hit by the German one and barely resisting in Moldova.
Since 1923, even during the General's life, the local council has baptized General Berthelot.
When he died in 1927, General Henri Mathias Berthelot left to Romanian Academy the agricultural farm in the locality, with the firm disposal to use the income from his exploitation to fund a scholarship for young students at the Military School in Bucharest for training at the Nancy Military Academy.

In 1965, during the communist era, the name of the locality was changed to Unirea, and the residence of General Berthelot was turned into an agricultural warehouse and robbed.
After Ceausescu's fall, a local referendum approved, in 2001, the return to the appointment of General Berthelot of the locality.

On the territory of the village of Ţuştea, belonging to the commune, were discovered dinosaur eggs. The site is protected as a natural reserve under the name Paleofauna reptiliană Ţuştea.

The relief of the commune is varied, generally the south side of the south is lower, with plain views, thanks to the Galbena River, which flows here, forming a meadow. As we head north, the relief rises slowly so that at some point it will take the look of quite pronounced hills, covered in the upper forests.

Component villages are located either in the low to hilly area (General Berthelot, Farcadin, Tuştea) or on the hill (Livezile), or even over the hill, a short distance from the main road (Crăguiş). The two villages on the hill have as a common element their placement on the valleys of small brooks.
Villages are generally irregular in appearance, stretching along the road or streams flowing from the hill, perpendicular to this road.
There is no rule regarding the settlement of the houses, they are placed just at the edge of the road, some, and some more remote, somewhere in the garden. Their placement is of course ordered according to the relief forms and the sinuous appearance of the road.

The hills from the north are nothing more than the southern peaks of the Poiana Ruscăi mountains, which are easily lost in the basin of the Land of Haţeg.
Tourist routes in the commune:
Ţuştea village - Paleofauna reptiliană Ţuştea (path).
Livezi village  ( Găuricea) – Mănăstirea Prislop (path).

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