General information about Ghelari - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Ghelari

Pădureni Land > Ghelari
Location: 45°42'59.86"N,  22°48'25.41"E
The settlement is located on some moderate hills, in the eastern part of Poiana Ruscă Mountains, at an average altitude of 760 m. The commune has an area of ​​4683 ha, out of which: 1749 ha - agricultural land; 2742 ha - forests (2736 ha in the commune's property); 254 ha - forests owned by the RUSCA composersor; 55 ha - buildings and courtyards; 137 ha - land with other destinations.
The village of Ghelari is made up of 4 localities: Ghelari, the commune center, Govăjdia, Plop, Rudă.

The first written documentary attestation on iron mines in Ținutul Pădurenilor appears for the first time in a document in 1493: "Hunyad oppidum, vile volachales and mountain ferries of Hunyod". Another document, written in 1508, reads: "Oppidum Hunyad necnon ... volachales et montana ferrea".

A century and a half later, we find a much clearer way in the Urbariu of 1681-1682, where the iron smelters in the area are aligned.
The name of the locality, in its present form (Ghelari), dates only from 1968, when the administrative-territorial reorganization of Romania took place. Until then he was called Ghelar, but the Communist authorities added the "i" in the final, giving an interpretation slightly exaggerated to one of the variants of the origin of the name.

Where does the name of Ghelar (s) come from?
As for the etymology of the name of the locality, be it Ghelar or Ghelari, there are many opinions and even some legends.
Col. (r) Prof. Univ. Alexandru Vlad analyzes, in the Monography of the commune, a hypothesis according to which, until the middle of the 16th century, the locality would have been called the Valea (Walya, as it appears in several writings of the time).

He comes to this deductive conclusion, but also relies on the toponymy of places. Thus, the old hearth of the village is "in the valley". As a result, any reference to the locality began with "in the valley ...". Moreover, locals today identify various parts of the commune after the "valley" on which they are located: Valea Iberii, Valea Ploschii, Valea Dinisului, Valea Moşului, Valea Mănăstirii s.a.
Rusalin Isfanoni claims to be of Slavic origin, just like those of other localities in the Pădureni Land, some of the commune itself: Ruda, Govăjdia, Dăbâca, Goles s.a. The Slavs constituted the migratory people who left the most obvious traces in the Pădureni Land, found especially in the toponyms.

The most plausible assumption is, however, that the name of the village was born in close connection with the forms of relief that it is located: hills. Its inhabitants were called "dielari", ie people on the hills. In Hungarian spelling, however, the "DI", "De" groups turn into "Ghi (Gy)" or "Ghe" respectively. So, from "Dielari" it was very easy to "Ghelar".

On this assumption, the Communist authorities were based when they added the "i" at the end of the word.
Ghelari is, like all the Wallachian settlements, an exclusive Romanian village. The most common names in the feudal period were: Alic, Gostian, Toma, Radu, Toplicean. They meet today.
All the mining was the one that determined the coming to the area (colonization) of other ethnicities. The arrival of the first foreigners is recorded in the 17th century: Germans, Hungarians, Slovaks, Serbs and Gypsies. A special category was the Wallachians, brought from the Wallachian country or fugitives from other places but who declared that they were from the Danube Province to indicate their origins as far away (another country at that time!).

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