Pădureni Land description - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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Pădureni Land description

Pădureni Land
Pădureni Land also called Țara Fierului in Hunedoara lies on the eastern slope of Poiana Ruscă Mountains, between the Cerna Valley and the Mureș Valley, and comprises 40 villages and hamlets, of which 33 are situated on the top of the hills and the other seven in the valleys of the rivers: Cerna, Vălăriţa , Florese, Runcu and Zlaşti. The inhabitants have been named Pădureni by their neighbors in the Hațeg Country and the other surrounding areas because the whole country is surrounded by forests, "you can not get here from anywhere you come without crossing a forest" (Ioan Sebastian Bara, Denisa Toma, Ioachim Lazăr (coordinators), Hunedoara County, monograph, volume III (culture and spirituality), Emia Publishing House, Deva, 2012, p. 354).
The most important access roads pass by the Corvin Castle in Hunedoara, which seems to have been located here to guard it. Access is mainly on the DJ 687D, Topliţa, DJ 687E, Ghelari and DJ 687F, to Găvojdia. All these roads pass through the town of Teliuc coming from Hunedoara. Other access ways are DJ 687 J, towards Boş and DJ 708 D Veţel - Muncelu Mic.

An ancient, homogeneous and well-defined territory geographically and ethnographically, the Pădureni Land maintains a special ethnofolclorical richness, numerous ancient forms of material and immaterial culture. For centuries, traditional household, household economy, rituals, beliefs and customs have remained unchanged.

Romulus Vuia said of this land that: "The Pădurenii Hunedoarei have preserved up to the present the traces of a social and spiritual life specific to the beginning". The great mystery of this land lies in the fact that its inhabitants have preserved their identity until this day, although there has been a millennial industrial activity here, with the participation of the natives and people from other cultural areas and other ethnic groups. One of the most archaic human communities has survived all the trials of history with simple solutions, rooted in their own traditions."(Rusalin Işfănoni, Op. Cit., P. 323).

Shrubs covered with straw hats, enclosures of round or shaped beams, traditional wooden houses, terraced agriculture, the traditional costume of a rare beauty and complexity, the local dialect are still part of the cultural landscape of this area today, transforming Pădureni Land in a real living museum.
    
Identity mark of the area, the folk costume is admired for the complexity and the craftsmanship with which it is made, and it differs greatly from the costumes in other ethnographic areas in Hunedoara County. It features many elements of the archaic costume, starting with the hairstyle and headwear -  cloth bonnets that holds back the hair tails of the married women and of which hangs the long white scarf. Another element of specificity is the wearing of the ornaments on belt, ornaments performed by masters of craftsmenship, which could weigh up to one kilogram, unique in the country: keys, rings, metal belts.
And in the other elements of the costume we can observe ancient culture elements, especially in geometric motifs executed on the costume items and household fabrics. The most interesting, however, is a ancient techniques used for fabric belts (țesut in bețe), used before the weaving loom invention.  

On household items made of carved wood or inlaid with brass and tin, we observe archaic tradition ornaments related to solar worship with apotropaic values.
    
Despite the many differences that can be seen in the traditional costume, but also in the way of practicing traditional occupations ( agriculture and shepherding), or the organization of the traditional household, due to the differences between the relief forms in which the villages are located, the two ethnographic areas present many similarities due to the conservation of the Geto-Dacian and Roman forms of culture manifested in customs, traditions, beliefs, community life, etc.
Sections dedicated to each community include detailed information about local tourist attractions, and the Rural Life section details issues related to the non-material patrimony of the place.

However, we will still point out from this page some important landmarks of the Ținutului Pădurenilor - Pădureni Land
25 churches made of wood or wall, historical monuments, almost every village still preserving these old places of worship
Testimonies related to iron processing, an occupation for which the forests were proclaimed throughout Europe: a plaque with the inscription "natus ibi ubi ferrum nascitur" (born where the iron is born), contained in Corpus Inscriptiorum Latinorum, discovered at Ghelari; The Govaydia furnace, on the façade of which is a plate bearing the inscription "Augusto Imperante Francisco I. exstructum 1810" (built at the command of Emperor Franciscus in August 1810) provided with the blast furnace in Reşiţa a part of the cast iron from which the Eiffel Tower is built, Something mentioned by a plaque positioned on a "foot" of the tower.
Alun Marble Village - the village road is paved with marble, there is also a unique and beautiful church in which only marble was used.
Church of Ghelari - The Pădureni Cathedral - raised in 34 years by the effort of priest Nerva Florea.
Lake Cinciş - whose name comes from the village of the same name, founded by Five Inches, brave fighters in the army of Iancu de Hunedoara, for whose construction three villages were displaced.

Geography
The predominant relief is the hills with deciduous and coniferous forests. To the north, the county is bordered by the valley of the Mureș River, to the south of Hațeg Country and to the west by the Poiana Ruscă Mountains.
The Land of the Forests is a high plateau, situated between the Depression of the Land of Haţeg, in the south, and the Mureş Valley, to the north, and to the west are the uninhabited heights of the Poiana Ruscă Mountains.
Neighbors: Mureş Valley to the North, Poiana Ruscă Mountains to the West, Hateg Land to the South.

Culture
The area is distinguished by the special ethnographic value expressed in the beauty of the popular port, the fabrics, but also in the originality of the peasant architecture and the folk traditions.
The area is known and appreciated for folk creations and forest traditions that have remained unchanged to this day.

Administrative division
The area is composed of the following communes and villages
Common - Old, Bunila, Cerb, Ghelari (see website), Lelese, Lunca Cernii and Toplita.
Villages - Alun, Cerişor, Poiniţa Voinei, Plop, Ruda and Vălari, Cernişoara Florese, Ciulpăz, Dumbrava, Cutin.
GPS coordinates of communes:
    
Bătrâna  45°47'30.52"N,  22°35'3.66"E
Bunila  45°41'47.37"N,  22°40'16.02"E
Cârjiți  45°50'39.09"N,  22°49'34.63"E
Cerbăl  45°46'49.42"N,  22°42'50.01"E
Dobra  45°54'29.97"N,  22°37'20.02"E
Ghelari  45°42'59.86"N,  22°48'25.41"E
Lăpugiu de Jos  45°53'10.90"N,  22°28'49.44"E
Lelese  45°43'57.69"N,  22°41'56.49"E
Lunca Cernii de Jos  45°38'13.48"N,  22°36'36.82"E
Peștișu Mic  45°47'54.77"N,  22°52'58.21"E
Rusca Montană  45°33'57.07"N,  22°27'36.08"E
Teliucu Inferior  45°43'6.92"N,  22°53'31.95"E
Toplița  45°41'13.14"N,  22°47'16.50"E
Vețel  45°54'4.57"N,  22°48'4.23"E
We can watch the documentary made by Digi24 Timișoara about Pădureni Land
 
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The authors are fully responsible for the published content.
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