General information about Sălașu de Sus - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Sălașu de Sus

Hațeg Country > Sălașu de Sus
Location: 45°30'37.66"N,  22°57'10.07"E
    
The commune is located in the Haţeg depression guarded by the Retezat Mountains in the south. It has a relief of hillside and hillock, consisting of 11 villages located on the rivers that spring from Retezat. The villages are situated between 3 km - Mălăieşti and 7 km - Coroiești, towards the commune's residence, Sălașu de Sus village. The area of ​​the commune is 223 km2.

Sălașu de Sus (in Hungarian: Felsőszálláspatok, in German: Oberbachdorf) is a commune in Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania, consisting of the villages of Coroiești, Malaiesti, Nucșoara, Ohaba de sub Piatră, Păros, Peştera, Râu Alb, Râul Mic, Sălașu de Sus (residence) and Zăvoi. The commune is crossed by 4 rivers - the Nucşoara River, the Sălaș River, the Râul Alb River and the Ştrei River.

Situated at the foot of Retezat, in a fairytale land, Sălașu de Sus commune is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful in Hunedoara County. Beyond the beauty of the places, the clean air and the breathtaking landscapes, are the people of the commune.

Climate
The commune of Sălaşu de Sus has a temperate climate, with a slightly later spring and rainfall above the national average. Average annual temperature of +8 degrees C, the lowest in January (-4 degrees C) and the highest in July (+18 degrees C). Annual average rainfall is up to 700 mm. In the winter, snow rains last for 4 months.

It is also characteristic of the area that it also has relative shelter in the direction of the winds.
The commune benefits from places with rare plants that are declared monuments of nature: Poiana cu Narcise and the flora in the hill of the hills with dwarf juniper.

Historic
The first historical document certifying the existence of the place dates back to 1360. According to the numerous archaeological discoveries made in this area, Sălaşu de Sus presents a multimilenary history. There is considerable evidence, especially from the Neolithic age of the primitive commune, such as carved stone, carved, two treasures containing hundreds of moneys.
The first historical document certifying the existence of the place dates from 1360. There is considerable evidence, especially from the Neolithic age of the primitive commune, such as carved stone, carved, two treasures containing hundreds of copper coins and two ulders of clay dated in Macedonian times, more precisely during the time of King Philip II and hundreds of dinars Romanians from silver.
The first treasure was discovered in 1935 and the second in 1956. From the time of the Roman domination, Gemina Legion XIII, there are vestiges such as brick, funerary monuments (representing Hercules), pots, etc. The name of the commune - Sălaşu de Sus seems to be "less stable settlement", and in the literature it is used the expression "season residence".
Traditional house from Sălaşu de Sus, here >
Traditions
Fairs - The Gheorghe Fair is being held - April 23 and the St. Constantine and Helena Fair - 8 May.
Traditional Nedee, It takes place every year in May.
The deer shoot - Coroiești
The deer shoot is a widespread habit that runs between Christmas and New Year. It was widely practiced in many villages in the Hațeg region and probably in other regions. Habit is pre-Christian. The main characters are the deer and the bloj. These, accompanied by a large number, go through all the households where they are human with meat, sausages, bread and wine. The costumes are grotesque.
The Bloj lures him in an orchard, in the beating of the hunter, who kills him. Paradoxically, the bloody mourns him in the end. Villagers claim that both characters are negative. The deer would be the old year that goes without being regretted by someone, because it is associated with evils and defaults, so it deserves to be eliminated.
The Bloj is cunning, he takes advantage of the deer's naivety, leads him to death, but then he regrets him because he, the bullet, makes no sense except by association with the deer.

Relief, agriculture, resources
The relief is predominantly hilly, surpassing slightly the altitude of 500 m. On the background of forest soils, yellowish brown podsolls and acidic browns. The forests are made of fir and beech that alternate with the oak. Characteristic of the area are also the meadows and natural pastures, comprising about two thirds of the agricultural area of ​​10,500 ha.

Agriculture and animal husbandry are the main occupations of locals. The arable land is 1940 ha, where traditional crops such as potatoes, corn and wheat are grown. No fruit, vegetables, vines and fish farms are arranged. At the level of the commune there are 1200 heads of cattle and horses plus 2000 sheep.

The exploitation of the wood and the special fund made up of the basins of rivers running alongside, as well as investments in agriculture or animal husbandry are other interesting possibilities of the area.
 
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