Relief, climate, flora, fauna
The main feature of Sarmizegetusa's relief is the variety, it is a hill and mountain area, wooded with essences of beech, oak, hornbeam, resinous essences.
On the territory of Sarmizegetusa, the climate is temperate continental, generally mild, humid and moderate.
The average monthly temperature is similar to the average annual temperature of 7.5 ° C, the lowest values being registered in January and the highest in July.
Atmospheric precipitation falls throughout the year. The annual amount of water is on average between 20 and 40 liters per square meter.
The winds that pass through the commune come from the western direction.
Elements of biogeography (flora and fauna)
The flora of the locality is central-European, with arcto-alpine elements, in the high parts of the mountains and Mediterranean infiltrations in the sheltered places and with suitable ecological conditions, like the limestone formations.
Around the locality predominates both the southern slopes and the northern slopes of beech forests, which in some places vegetate with other wood species: fir, spruce, pine, mountain maple, ash, hornbeam, birch forming larger clusters in the lower part of the beech forest.
Besides domestic animals and cultivated plants, wild animals live in our commune.
All wild animals and water living on the territory of the commune: Wolves, foxes, boars, deer, rabbits, wizards, ferrets, weasel, mole, hedgehog, bat, squirrel, mouse.
Also on the territory of the commune are: reptiles such as: snake, lizard, batracieni that frog, broom and salamander, insects such as wasp, bee, ant, beetle.
Fish: The waters of the valleys conceal a wide variety of fish such as marsh, cob, clean, carp.
A great wealth of the commune is formed by the forests. They occupy an area of 2594 Ha, consisting of hardwoods, ie species such as beech, oak, hornbeam, birch and resinous like pin, spruce, fir.