Location: 45°41'13.14"N, 22°47'16.50"E
Topliţa commune is located in the south-western area of Transylvania, more precisely in the massif of the Poiana Ruscă Mountains, massively located in the western part of Romania, on the territory of Hunedoara County, in the Pădureni Land.
The geographic coordinates we can find in Toplița are delimited by 45 ° 41 'north latitude and 22 ° 47' east longitude.
Between these limits, the territory of Toplița commune has an area of 5075 ha (50.75 km2), representing less than 1% of Hunedoara County.
The habitable surface of Toplița commune is 17,696 sqm. The population of the commune is 715 inhabitants.
From the administrative point of view, Topliţa commune includes the village itself and a number of 8 villages: Silvaşului, Dăbâca, Dealu Mic, Goleş, Hăşdău, Mosoru, Vălari and Manu.
Topliţa commune is bordered by: Ghelari commune in the north, northwest with Bunila commune, west with Lunca Cernii de Jos commune, to the south with Răchitova commune, southwest with administrative territory Haţeg, Teliucu Inferior commune to the east.
There are two main valleys in the commune: the valley of the Cerna river and that of the Vălăriţa River, Mureş.