General information about Toplița - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Toplița

Pădureni Land > Toplița
Location: 45°41'13.14"N,  22°47'16.50"E
    
Topliţa commune is located in the south-western area of ​​Transylvania, more precisely in the massif of the Poiana Ruscă Mountains, massively located in the western part of Romania, on the territory of Hunedoara County, in the Pădureni Land.
The geographic coordinates we can find in Toplița are delimited by 45 ° 41 'north latitude and 22 ° 47' east longitude.

Between these limits, the territory of Toplița commune has an area of ​​5075 ha (50.75 km2), representing less than 1% of Hunedoara County.
The habitable surface of Toplița commune is 17,696 sqm. The population of the commune is 715 inhabitants.

From the administrative point of view, Topliţa commune includes the village itself and a number of 8 villages: Silvaşului, Dăbâca, Dealu Mic, Goleş, Hăşdău, Mosoru, Vălari and Manu.
Topliţa commune is bordered by: Ghelari commune in the north, northwest with Bunila commune, west with Lunca Cernii de Jos commune, to the south with Răchitova commune, southwest with administrative territory Haţeg, Teliucu Inferior commune to the east.

History
There are two main valleys in the commune: the valley of the Cerna river and that of the Vălăriţa River, Mureş.


At the bottom of the village, on the course of Cerna, an accumulation dam was built, the Cinciș Dam.
In his direction, the village of Dealu Mic was moved to the heights of nearby hills. Today, the sunken ruins remind you of what happened. Two beautiful churches, in ruins, on the hard-to-reach shore of Lake Cinciș are some of them.

Also, the small Sfântul Nicolae wooden church in Vălari village is an important tourist destination. It is a historic monument built in the 17th century and is considered a relict in the sacred wood architecture. The church has a rectangular plan, specific to wooden churches in rural areas, and the construction technique is with pillars trapped in soles and oak beams, plus a plank of fir planks on the inside.
We also include the stone church in Toplita. This is highlighted on the top of the hill in the locality.

Another tourist attraction in Topliţa is the furnace. Dated since 1781, the year that marks the beginning of modern metallurgy in the Pădureni Land, the blast furnace is the first to produce cast iron in the region. He was the stone hearth. The wood body burned, but graphic documents and photos were kept with it, so the whole picture is known.

The uniqueness of the place is given by the traditional houses surrounded by the beauty of the unspoilt mountain landscape, the preservation of the folk treasure and the traditional way of life.
Traditional Houses in Topliţa
And the traditional forest habitat could stir up your interest. It had a house, a shed, which included the stable, the cocoon, possibly a shed, as well as a basement that used to be a cellar.
 
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