General information about Totești - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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General information about Totești

Hațeg Country > Totești
Location: 45°34'27.46"N,  22°53'9.06"E
    
Toteşti commune is situated in Hațeg Country, in the south-east of Hunedoara County, 50 km from Deva and 7 km from Hațeg, which is the nearest town. The territory of the commune occupies 22 sq. Km, has a hilly relief, it is crossed by the Râul Mare, and by the Cirlete and Iaz streams. The commune consists of the villages Toteşti, Cărneşti, Copaci, Pâclişa and Reea.
Compared to the commune's residence, the villages are situated at a distance of 0.2 km (Pâclişa village) and 3 km (Cărneşti village).

The national road Deva - Haţeg - Caransebeş assures the connection with the county residence, and on the railway, the nearest railway station is the one from Hațeg. The delightful and fruitful valley of Hațeg, wider than Sarmizegetusa, is the road that leads to the capital of Dacia Roman and through the Iron Gates of Transylvania to Banat.
This is one of the most instructive roads we can make either on the Haţeg - Ulpia Traiana - Caransebeş highway, with the bifurcations to the left towards the Râu de Mori or on the right to Peșteana Densuş or by the train on the line Subcetate - Haţeg - Caransebeş.

The entry into the Country of Hațeg can be done in three parts:
• From the Mureş Valley and the Lower Stream, through the northern promontory of Subcetate;
• From the Jiu Valley through the south-eastern step of the Meishor;
• From the south, from Banat, on the Bistro Valley, through the Iron Gates of Transylvania;

The basin of Hațeg is covered by several rivers and banks: the Râul Mare, the Farcadin River, part of Streiu course, which at Orlea gathers the waters of all the other smaller rivers, leading them northwards to Mureş.
In the north - west, south - west direction, the territory of the Totești commune is crossed by the national road DN 68 Haţeg - Caransebeş, by the county roads DJ 685, 686 A and 687 G, by the communal roads DC 83 and 89.
From this point of view, there is a favorable relationship in the territory with regard to the relations with the outside. All these roads have a total length of 11.4 km, and the existence of these roads provides access to all the localities that make up Toteşti. They are concreted or asphaltic (only 0.5 km are cobblestone), which gives people the opportunity to travel both inside and outside with their own means of transport or with public transportation.

Toteşti commune is crossed from north east to southwest of national road DN 68 on the route Hațeg - Sarmizegetusa - Caransebeș.

• The connection with Densuş commune is made from Toteşti village through DJ 687 C.
• On the Cărneşti - Clopotiva - Râu de Mori route we meet DJ 685 county road.
• The DN 68 connection with the Sânămăria Orlea commune is made through the village of Cărneşti with DJ 686 B.

Neighborhood
Toteşti commune is situated in the south, southwest of Hunedoara County and has the following neighbors:
- to the north, Unirea commune,
- to the north - east, the city of Hațeg,
- to the east, Sânămăria Orlea commune,
- to the south, the Râu de Mori commune,
- to the south-west, Sarmizegetusa,
- to the west, Densuș commune.
History

Archaeological discoveries have also revealed traces of habitation in the 9th - 10th centuries, and attest to a Roman - Slavic population before the Hungarians' penetration into Transylvania. The voivodal and clerical formations found at the entrance of the Hungarians in these places opposed a strong resistance to their feudal oppression. The foundations were constituted of a free population led by the cneji. They judged by the old habit of the earth (jus valahicum). This situation has been preserved for a long time, until the end of the fifteenth century, especially for the Romanians in this area. An episode of a tough trial for the people in these places was the invasion of the Tartars from 1241 to 1242, who robbed the land, but also the Turkish ones later. In the Middle Ages, the whole land was royal property or belonged to the nobles, who owned castles and fortresses, including Deva, Hunedoara, Orlea and others. In the middle of the 13th century, voivode Litovoi, beyond the Carpathians, belonged to these places.
The struggle and defense of the autonomy towards the kings of Hungary led by the voivode and his brother, Barb, took place on these lands, of which the Totești commune also belongs. Here, in the battle for the defense of the ancient land, Litovoi fell in 1277, while opposing the armies of King Ladislaus IV of Cuman. Particularly characteristic is this corner of the country and ethnographic, folkloric and, in general, all folk manifestations. A special mention can be made for the port of the peasants in this area, which is varied and picturesque. The same is the architecture and wood carving, preserved over time from ancient times. Pleased with these places, Ioan Pop Reteganul describes them in beautiful colors in his work "From the Land of Hateg": "In my frequent journeys made in the long and wide of our dear Ardeal, I searched several times and that part of his name called Tara The Hateg is beautiful, but in it is precisely this corner, which is so called from the old age to this day, although it is small, the Country of Hateg meets in itself everything that Transylvania has best and most beautiful. And if I had the power, I would gladly quench this real earthly heaven, which lies at the horn of Transylvania, west and south. "

Archaeological vestiges
• Certain vestiges belonging to the Roman era were discovered on the territory of the village of Cărneşti, indicating the presence of a rustic villa. The place is called Mezeinisa and is located about 300m from the village, south of the road to Ostrov.
• Traces of Roman walls and ceramics were found in the eastern part of the village of Pâclişa. Inside the spiatal are known tombs arranged in rows.
• On the left bank of the Girlet stream, on the territory of Reea village, there is a Neolithic settlement.
• on the territory of the Totești village there are the footpaths of the Roman Road, and in the place called Movile there may be more tumuli.

Historical monuments
The Pogany Castle Ensemble
• It is located in the village of Pâclişa and dates from the 18th century, with modifications in the 19th century.
• Owner is Pogany Carol
• Currently it has no use.

Pogany Castle
• Historical monument from the XVIIIth century, located in the village of Pâclişa, at Nr. 93.
• Owner - Pogany Carol
• Currently it has no use.

Pogany Castle Park
• Dating back to the 19th century
• It is located in the village of Pâclişa and is used as a park.

 
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