Cultural events in Toplița - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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Nedeia Hăşdaiana from Pentecost Day - Haşdău village.

Pentecost (Rusalii in romanian) - Traditions and customs.
Pentecost is one of the oldest Christian feasts, is celebrated 50 days after the Lord's Ascension, when the Holy Spirit descended to the Apostles, being also known as the foundation of the Church, when 3.000 men converted to Christianity.

There are many superstitions connected with Pentecost, and people still have some traditions: they adorn their homes with leaves of lime or walnut, to remove evil spirits, to gargle doors, to avoid bad luck throughout the year, and to dance the Chalices, to cast out the spirits of those who come to do evil.

The Orthodox celebrate Sunday and Monday, the Pentecost or the Descent of the Holy Spirit over the holy apostles, a Christian feast that is also known to the people as Pentecost or Holy Sunday.

The Feast of Pentecost is one of the oldest Christian celebrations, along with Easter, and has been celebrated since the time of the holy apostles. By the end of the fourth and early fifth centuries, Pentecost was a double celebration: the Ascension of the Lord and the Descent of the Holy Spirit. Then the feast was separated, Pentecost remaining only as the Descent of the Holy Spirit.

Pentecost also links other traditions and customs, which differ from one region to another. In some areas, people strain their homes and households with branches of lime, walnut, poplar or oak to drive away evil and disease. Lime branches have a special symbolism in this feast: it is believed that the linden tree prevents the hail households or the evil spirits of the fairies. The lads bring them out of the woods, after which they are sanctified in the church, and the faithful take them home and put them on icons.

The branches of linden, soc or blackberries that are sanctified by Pentecost are used as cure for the rest of the year. In folk tradition, it is said that only on the Sânziene elebration,  plants have such healing powers.
Also in Pentecost, in some regions, the  "Jocul Căluşariloris danced." It is said to the people that the most used cure for those who are touched by Pentecost is the game of the rosary.
In some areas, women make a glimpse to drive away, and the doors are anointed with garlic, because it is believed that the house of bad and bad luck will be kept for the rest of the year.
The evil spirits are also casting out with loud rituals and crackling with linden branches.
In some households, greaves are made on the cows' cages to boost the milk.
In Ardeal is the custom known as the "wateredness of wives." Women are sprinkled with water to be healthy and beautiful for the rest of the year.
In some areas it is said that if Pentecost is a nice time, all summer will be beautiful and fruitful.

Rusaliile sau Moşii de vară.

"Sărbătoarea pogorârii Duhului Sfânt" or "The feast of the downfall of the Holy Ghost" is also known as Pentecost, from the feast of the roses in the Roman world, dedicated to the cult of the dead. Christians took over the Roman custom, making Saturday's Pentecost one of the days of remembrance of the dead.

In some areas of the country, on the Saturdays of Pentecost, pots are decorated with flowers and with a bobbin on top, to remind the dead. On Sunday Pentecost, dishes are nicely decorated for living.

As the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are in direct contact, the Monday after Sunday Pentecost is consecrated to the glorification of the Holy Trinity, the Feast of Pentecost having two days.

Pentecost is, in popular belief, the spirits of the dead, called in the people, or evil daughters

The word Pentecost comes from the Latin "rosalia", which symbolizes the feast of roses, but also the faces of Emperor Rusalim, believed to have magical powers and seduce people, punishing those who did not respect them.

In the popular faith, Pentecost are the spirits of the dead who, after leaving the tombs at Joimari and having spent Easter with the living, refuse to return to their places underground and begin to do evil to the people.

To make them better, the people who avoided saying Pentecost gave them different names: iee, fairies or beautiful. There is superstition that these spirits stand beside the springs and can, through their songs, take people's minds and illness them. The sickness of the people is said in the people, with a trance that can only be removed by the power of the dances of the cowmen.

The habit of Pentecost cowmen is very popular especially in Conteşti, Lisa, Năsturelu, Bragadiru and Zimnicea. The elders of the villages believe that if you are ill, you can do well after Pentecost after the cowboys mate steps over you.

In Oltenia, groups of seven or eight Kluşani go from house to house to ride and drive away evil spirits, and people meet them with walnut leaves, wormwood, garlic, water and salt.

Superstitions of Pentecost

Legends say that Ielele or Pentecost are fantastic beings who walk through the air and can take people's minds if they do not respect the day. Pentecosts, known under different names, fairies, shamans, imperial airs, bourgeois, walk in white, and the places where they dance are burnt and unfocused.

It is said that Pentecost sometimes kidnap a nice young man to play with him, then frees him, but he does not have to say what he saw, otherwise he could be punished.

In some villages, people think that on Pentecost days it's not good to work the field, because they catch you and punish Jelele. On Pentecost, people do not have to enter the vineyard or go into deserted places, because they may encounter evil spirits.

In some areas, it is said that whoever does not respect the feast of Pentecost will be punished by Ile, which causes the popularly called "Pentecostal" illness. Also, it is not good to quarrel with someone on Pentecost, because you will be "taken from Pentecost."
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