Historical heritage in Bătrâna - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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Historical heritage in Bătrâna

Pădureni Land > Bătrâna
1. Stanilă's Mill
    
Stănilă's Mill  has fed all the families of the old village for nearly 100 years.
Dumitru Stănilă inherited the mill from his father-in-law and "upgraded" it several times. In the old days, the people from Bătrâna went to the harvest all the way in Banat region, where the spring wheat grew proud and rich, so did the corn.

From there they were returning not with money, but with grains of wheat and corn that they were grinding at the mill, turning them into flour, and so for the autumn and winter, they had enough flour for the bread made in the corner furnace home.

Years passed and locals did not need Stănila's mill anymore. Lately they used it more as a landmark for foreigners looking for a village in the area, the mill being at the main crossroads of communal roads.
2. Houses in Pădureni Land
Street in Bătrâna Village
The village has the appearance of a living museum, preserving almost unaltered the local architecture of the wooden houses, specific to the area.
The traditional household had in its composition the house, the barn, which included the stable, the furnace, the furnace and possibly a shed ("the hut").

The households were fenced. The well-known ethnographer Romulus Vuia, in the researches carried out here in 1957-1958, according to the arrangement of the buildings against the street and the division of the household, distinguished in Bătrâna two types of households (courtyards): the simple yard and the double yard.

The simple court - The household was not divided into two parts by a fence or another partition, the yard being called by R. Vuia the undisturbed household, "garden" or "ocol" in the language of the locals.
The house is set in the middle of the garden, and the stable is located in the street.
Traditional old village in Bătrâna
Placing the stable and the yard in the street or near it is of an economic nature, making the stable more accessible to the cattle, directly from the street.
Also, garbage was closer to the dump to be transported to the field by the farmer.By this positioning of the stable towards the street, the parts of the household reserved for the family house are more free from cattle, so they can be kept cleaner.

    
The double yard - the house has two distinct parts separated by a fence: the cattle yard and the yard of the house. Inside the cattle yard there are the stable and the barn, and in the second yard of the house, the bread oven, the room for the tools. It is worth noting that both yards have separate and direct entrances from the street, the "vraniţa" (gate) for the cart and the door for the people.

Most of the households had in the street in front of the house, a "scamn" bench for rest, where they sat in the evenings and on holidays.

3. Wooden Churches
    
The wooden church in the village of Bătrâna,was built in 1780. The saint patron is „Cuvioasa Paraschiva”. In spite of its age and craftsmanship, the church is not on the new list of historical monuments.
Cuvioasa Paraschiva Wooden Church, Batrâna village:
Cuvioasa Paraschiva Wooden Church
 
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