1. Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa
Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa
(From Wikipedia, free encyclopedia)
This article refers to the capital of the Roman province. For other meanings, see Sarmizegetusa (disambiguation).
The ruins of Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa
Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa (full name: Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa) was the capital of the Roman province of Dacia. Located at a distance of 40 km from Sarmizegetusa Regia, the former capital of the Dacian kingdom, the Ulpia Traiana colony was founded after its conquest by Emperor Trajan between 108 and 110. According to an epigraphic monument, the city was founded on the emperor's order by Decimus Governor General Decree Terentius Scaurianus.
Under Hadrian was added the name Sarmizegetusa, and during the Emperor Alexander the Great became a metropolis. The settlement had a period of development that lasted until the second half of the third century, when the Aurelian retreat took place. In this interval, it was built on the basis of various materials, such as the local stone and river rock, marble, brick and tile. The most imposing building, the amphitheater, had a capacity of approx. 5000 people.
The ruins of the ancient city are an archaeological complex located in the village of Sarmizegetusa in Hunedoara County. Nearby is the Sarmizegetusa Museum of Archeology, founded in 1924, which shelters objects recovered during archaeological research. So far, much of the surface of the ancient city has not been excavated by archaeologists.
Răzvan Malciu has produced an excellent documentary about Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa
A virtual reconstruction, 3D modeling byPovestea unei Națiuni on youtube shows us the size and original look
The ruins of the castles are also an opportunity for hiking in the area. Alex Graur reveals the natural beauties of the area, but lightens the confusion between Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa and Sarmizegetusa Regia!