Historical heritage in Toplița - Hațeg Country - Pădureni Land

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Historical heritage in Toplița

Pădureni Land > Toplița
1. "Sfântul Nicolae" Wooden Church in the village of Vălari
"Sfântul Nicolae" (Saint Nicholas) wooden church in the village of Vălari, 18th-century construction, historical monument
The wooden church of Vălari, Hunedoara, is at the bottom of the village. The charm of the place and the artistic quality of the building reward the effort to visit it.

What surprises visitors and specialists is the construction technique, with pillars caught in soles and oak beams and with fir-tree firing on the inside. The church is very small with only 3.6 x 8.4 meters and is made up of three rooms: the women's tent, the men's church and the altar.

This small country church is a monument in the sacred wood architecture, the only one of its kind so far known in the country.
A similar church existed in the neighboring village of Toplița until 1932 and another in the village of Hsdat until 1938, both replaced by wall churches. It is no longer used by the parish since 1936, when the church was sanctified, and for this reason it fell into disrepair. The rains pass through the shady roof, and a xylophagous fungus stretched along the longitudinal feet in the ship. These issues require urgent conservation interventions.
About the wooden church of Vălari, Ioana Cristache-Panait wrote in the Wood Architecture project in Hunedoara County (Bucharest 2000) that it is the oldest and most special of the Pădureni area, dating back to the 16th century, once With the first written mention of the settlement, due to the archaic character of the construction technique.
Coming to Toplita, you can visit a monument in the sacred wood architecture, unique in the county and even in Transylvania, the small wooden church dedicated to "Saint Nicholas".
2. Toplița Furnace ruins
A tourist attraction in Topliţa commemorating the unique history of the place is the furnace, from which only the stone hearth was preserved. The rest of the wooden construction burned several times over time and became abandoned.
The furnace was raised due to the significant reserves of iron ore existing at Ghelari and Teliuc, the richness of charcoal forests and the tradition of iron processing by the woods. Dated 1781, the year that marks the beginning of modern metallurgy in Pădureni Land, it was the first to produce cast iron in the region.

Access: Topliţa commune reaches DJ 678 D from Hunedoara, which is 18 km away. The ruins of the furnace are located in the village of Topliţa (Topliţa commune), the Mill area.
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