Museums, exhibitions in the Hațeg Pădureni microregion
1. Museum of the Haţegan Village from Peşteana, Densuş commune
It itself has an interesting history, the stone steps of Roman origin being brought from Sarmizegetusa. The house was acquired by Nenea Antonică, a former photographer and techno-passionate photographer of ethnography and folklore, in the 1990s, with the clear intention of turning it into a community museum after restoration. The hundreds of exposed objects were purchased from the locals in Peşteana and from the other localities in the Haţeg Country or received in the past from the acquaintances.
In the "farmhouse" arranged by Anton Socaciu, according to the old order of the country, there can be seen various woolen gears, folk costumes and dowry boxes, coasters, various clay vessels, household items and peasant furniture made of wood, irons with charcoal and other household and farm items made of metal or wood.
The Museum of Pesteana is also registered with the tourist circuit in the National Network of Particular Peasant Museums, coordinated by the Romanian Peasant Museum, which supports in each area the promotion of their own identity.
The Village Haţegan Museum of Peşteana was established about ten years ago by Anton Socaci, more commonly known by locals and tourists as Uncle Anthony, a resident of Haţeg Country and in love with the traditions and customs of the area and eager to save them from oblivion.
Grieved that that all objects of peasant value were purchased from locals by small traders who restore and sold them abroad, Anton Socaci decided to collect these objects belonging to traditional households himself, thereby laying the foundations of a small museum reflecting Haţegan village life. His intention was to create a vivid museum, whose exclusive local exhibits "tell stories" and have not just a static role.
The founder himself of the museum defines a hategan farmstead as "a little plant" because everything is produced locally: the man works outside, tending animals or bringing wood, while the woman takes care of the household itself - cooking or making fabrics; these activities were the ones that brought up the idea of setting up such an unconventional museum.Thus, the most important feature of the museum is represented by how the objects displayed are arranged.
The oak and stone building, with a long porch and tiled roof in which the museum was established, dates from around 1900 and is the only one in the area that has been preserved in its entirety.
museum is located in a peasant house, a popular architectural monument from the beginning of the 20th century. The house is built of wood, with a continuous, partially enclosed porch and four rooms. The four rooms are traditional peasant interiors in the Haţeg area, with exhibits of special artistic value.
presents the heating and lighting system of the traditional house,
the way of organizing the interior, which includes exhibits that
reveal the traditional occupations: weaving loom and all tools for textile processing, tools used in agrarian labor, pieces that reveal the shepherd's occupation inventory .
great documentary value has the oven located in the last room, where we find the tools needed for the preparation of food such as bread loaves, trays, pots, saucepans and others. In the courtyard is a pavilion for visitors' rest and large ethnographic exhibits.
2. Center of Science and Art Geopark of Dinosaurs, General Berthelot
3. House of the Dwarf Dinosaurs, Sânpetru
4. House of Traditions, Sânpetru
5. The Dinosaurs Geopark, Sânpetru
6. Drăgan Muntean Museum, Poienița Voinii, Bunila
family of Dragani Muntean established the museum in the house, in
which he lived, which is a typical construction of the Padureni Land. In the first room is displayed the portrait of the forest bard and documents about life and its activity. The other two rooms are an ethnography and folk art exhibition: a peasant interior specific to the area, as well as a household and household items. Many exhibits show the popular port of the woods and costumes worn by Dragan Muntean at shows. In the yard there is a marble memorial cross.
Dragan Muntean is an emblem of the traditional forest song. In his memory were organized festivals of forest songs and games, demonstrations in which the woods exhibited their beautiful folk costumes.
7. Museum of the Orthodox Church, Ghelari
The Museum of the Orthodox Church, Ghelari, presents a collection of exceptional value which includes an old church book from the 18th - 19th centuries, folk costumes, mural paintings, religious objects and valuable ethnographic exhibits: popular deportations, traditional fabrics, stitches embroidery.
8. Sarmizegetusa Museum of Archeology
museum has collections of Roman archeology: epigraphic and sculptural
monuments, mosaics, mural paintings, weapons, silverware, bronze
objects, bone, ceramics, glass, coins and others discovered close to
the archaeological site. Colonia
Ulpia Traiana, the capital of Dacia Province, was founded in the
years 108 to 110, and under Emperor Hadrian the epithet Sarmizegetusa
was added. Emperor
Severus Alexander gave him the title of Metropolis. The edifice of the museum dates from the beginning of the 20th century and is a former inn.
Opening hours: 9:00 - 17:00 (including months); Extended summer program for the
Monuments "in situ": 8:00 - 20:00
9. Hațeg Country Museum
Situated in the center of Hateg, in the immediate vicinity of the Tourist Information Center and the Crafts Folk Art Cooperative, the museum was opened on November 11, 2005.
The majority of the exhibits are the ethnographic collection of the folk craftsman Simion Grec, who is the custodian of this exhibition. In the museum there are exhibited a series of pieces of peasant furniture, a traditional interior corner, men's and women's folk costumes from all the ethnographic sub-areas of Hateg, traditional fabrics such as decorative wipes, carpets, stitches and embroidery.
Other exhibits reveal the traditional occupations of the forests, agriculture and cattle breeding.
museum has an area of 200 square meters, unfortunately, insufficient to reveal the artistic and documentary value of the exhibits. During the exhibition, the craftsman Simion Grec performs demonstrations on the art of woodworking.
10. Water Mil, Cristur
11. The Hungarian Museum, Cristur
The local museum of the Hungarians in Cristur is set in a monument house from the beginning of the 20th century. The house has a small facade in the street, according to the construction of the Hungarian colonists. The museum features the traditional Hungarian interior: a living room and a kitchen, specific furniture, traditional fabrics, objects of decorative and household use.
On the outskirts of Cristur, at a distance of about 300 m from the main road, you can visit a traditional mill, a corn harvester, a high-capacitycarding machine belonging to Oprea Kiss Alexandru.
A wooden shed with tables and benches is set in the slopes where traditional parties can be organized.
The mill and the benches are located on the bank of a stream, in a clearing called the “Place of the Mills”. Oprea Kiss Alexandru tells us he has inherited these goods from his grandfather. The mill was seized by communists and redeemed by the family in 1990-1991. Due to the construction of Lake Cinciş, the stream has no more water, so Oprea Kiss has built an electrical plant to make the mill work. The same he did for the carding machine.
The mill is built of wooden planks. The roof, originally made of shingles, was replaced by one made of blackboard.
It has a large wheel with wooden sheets. Currently he has few customers. He grinds wheat, corn, and other cereal grains.
The mill is visited all year long, especially by groups of Hungarian tourists who organize periodic parties. The most important party is held in the Hungarian days.
12. Other museums and ethnographic museum points
1. The Center for Preserving Traditional Local Culture, Muncelu Mare Village, Veţel Commune,
2. Folk and crafts museum, Toteşti commune
Visiting points from neighboring areas
3. Museum of local history and ethnography, Brad, Orastie
4. The Aurel Vlaicu Memorial Complex in Aurel Vlaicu, Hunedoara County.
5. Toteşti Commune: The Historical Monuments Museum of the Hateg Country
6. Micia Castle Veil Museum
7. EXHIBITION OF BALLS, DRAGONS, DINOSATICS, HAŢEG city
8. CENTER OF SCIENCE AND ART, GENERAL BERTHELOT
9. HOUSE OF VULCANES, DENSUS
10. The "Maria Hord Gârbea" Folk Art Museum - contains
more than 160 exhibits of men's and women's custome from Baru,
exhibits of women's custome from other parts of the country and
exhibits for household use.